Diabetes often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, (Type1) or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin (type 2) or both.
CURRENT HEALTH EXPERT VIEWPOINT:
Diabetes is the raised blood sugar levels. The exact reason for this symptom is not known. They are putting multiple theories for the rising incidence of this issue. Number of diabetics worldwide is increasing exponentially over last few decades. In spite of the difference of opinion on the causative factors, there is a unanimous opinion that controlling the blood sugar level is the treatment of the diabetes. Second unanimous opinion is that this problem is not curable & the only thing that can be offered to the patient is controlling their blood sugar level. So all the current diabetics are on some sort medications for the lifetime.
- Eye complications– glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and some others.
- Foot complications– neuropathy, ulcers, and sometimes gangrene which may require that the foot be amputated.
- Skin complications– people with diabetes are more susceptible to skin infections and skin disorders.
- Heart problems– such as ischemic heart disease, when the blood supply to the heart muscle is diminished.
- Hypertension– common in people with diabetes, which can raise the risk of kidney disease, eye problems, heart attack and stroke.
- Mental health– uncontrolled diabetes raises the risk of suffering from depression, anxiety, and some other mental disorders.
- Hearing loss– diabetes patients have a higher risk of developing hearing problems.
- Gum disease– there is a much higher prevalence of gum disease among diabetes patients.
- Gastroparesis– the muscles of the stomach stop working properly.
- Ketoacidosis– a combination of ketosis and acidosis; accumulation of ketone bodies and acidity in the blood.
- Neuropathy– Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage which can lead to several different problems.
- HHNS (Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic Syndrome)– blood glucose levels shoot up too high, and there are no ketones present in the blood or urine. It is an emergency condition.
- Nephropathy– uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to kidney disease.
- PAD (peripheral arterial disease)– symptoms may include pain in the leg, tingling and sometimes problems walking properly.
- Stroke– if blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood glucose levels are not controlled, the risk of stroke increases significantly.
- Erectile dysfunction– male impotence.
- Infections– people with badly controlled diabetes are much more susceptible to infections.
- Healing of wounds– cuts and lesions take much longer to heal.
- All types of diabetes are treatable. People have managed to get rid of their symptoms without medication, through a combination of exercise, diet and body weight control.